Cosmetic surgery is actually a type of plastic surgery that mainly aims to improve a person’s appearance, mainly physical. Earlier, cosmetic surgery was not into popularity and practice, but continues to grow in popularity. The growth mainly took place in USA, with 15.1 million cosmetic procedures carried out in 2013, an increase of 3 percent on the previous year. This is because; it is a critical change that is going to happen onto your body that will change your physical appearance. The results are often permanent, so it is definitely important to be sure about the decision, to use an appropriate practitioner, and to have the right motivation.


Some of the types of cosmetic surgeries that people undergo in order to bring about an aesthetic change are as follows:-

  • Breast surgery– Women in most of the cases undergo breast surgery in order to improve their body shape. Mammoplasty procedures may include:

A} Breast augmentation or enlargement- This surgery is traditionally performed using saline or silicone gel prosthetics and now occasionally with fat grafting. It may be carried out if the woman feels her breasts to be too small, or one breast; larger than the other, or if changed after pregnancy or breast feeding.  A breast enlargement in some women can boost self esteem and improve their feelings about their sexuality. In some, however existing problems remain. Due to this women are encouraged to undergo counseling first.

  1. B) Breast reduction- Helps to provide relief for physical discomfort. Breast reduction also reduces the risk of breast cancer in women who are at a high risk of this disease, while the aim of augmentation often relates to appearance.
  2. C) Male breast reduction- Helps to treat gynecomastia, an enlargement of the mammary tissue in men.

2)       Liposuction- Tools used in liposuction include standard, ultrasound, mechanical and laser devices. They all tend to involve suction of fat through a tube. Complications are although rare but are [possible. They include the accumulation of blood under the skin, known as hematoma, infection, changes in sensation, allergic reactions and so on. This is why doctor must discuss this with the patient beforehand. Liposuction does not reduce the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease or high blood pressure.

3) Vulvovaginal surgeryLabiaplasty or labioplasty, labia minor reduction involves the surgery of the labia majora or labia minora of the vulva, a part of the female genitalia. It mainly aims to reduce the problems elongated from elongate labia, usually as a part of a vaginoplasty.


Some of the facial cosmetic surgery involves:-

  • Blepharoplasty– Which aims to reshape the eyelids. With age, the skin becomes lax and there may be drooping or hooding of the upper lids, and bags on the lower lids. The cosmetic surgery performed upon the lids normally involves removing or re positioning excess skin and fat, and the procedure may reinforce surrounding muscles and tendons.
  • Rhinoplasty – Basically termed to be as nose job where the surgeon reshapes the patient’s nose in order to improve the appearance and breathing. It may involve reshaping the tip and reducing the bony hump at the upper aspect of the nose. It can be performed with small incisions that are well hidden, often inside the nostrils.
  • Otoplasty- A process where an ear surgery is carried out, treating the prominent or misshapen ears by surgically “pinning” the ear closer to the head with structures, reshaping the cartilage or both.
  • Chin augmentation– It helps in making the cheekbones more prominent. The Surgeon may place an implant at the top of cheekbones.


It is extremely necessary to choose a proper experienced doctor in order to carry out this complex surgery as a good and a proper surgeon may refer a patient for counseling before surgery if they believe there is an underlying problem that cannot be solved by the surgery, or if the patient shows signs of Body Dimorphic Disorder (BDD), which can cause a person to perceive that there is something seriously wrong with their appearance, when objective evidence suggests otherwise.

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